NASHVILLE – Tennesseans are protected every day by public health workers dedicated to preventing the spread of rabies. Tennessee rabies prevention efforts include state laws requiring vaccination of cats and dogs, oral vaccination campaigns for wild raccoons, testing of potentially rabid animals and evaluation of possible rabies exposures in people and domestic animals. The Tennessee Department of Health is observing World Rabies Day this September and reminding residents how to protect themselves, their families and their pets from rabies.
“In the early 1900s, more than 100 people died from rabies in the U.S. each year. By the 1990s, only one or two human rabies deaths were reported in our country annually, thanks to modern preventive treatment and an effective vaccine,” said TDH Commissioner John Dreyzehner, MD, MPH. “This triumph is due to the work of public health and the veterinary community in promoting and providing this life-saving preventive treatment and working to support laws and policies for its widespread and continued use.”
Rabies is a virus that infects the brain and spiral cord. It is spread through the saliva of an infected animal. Once disease develops, rabies is almost always fatal; however, rabies is 100 percent preventable if treated promptly before symptoms develop. Rabies preventive treatment is a series of shots called rabies post-exposure prophylaxis, or PEP.
In the United States, rabies in humans is very rare, but human exposures to animals that could carry rabies are relatively common. Every year approximately 40,000 – 50,000 people in the U.S. receive rabies preventive treatment after being exposed to a potentially rabid animal. Wild animals are the most common carriers of rabies in the U.S. In Tennessee, the most commonly identified rabid animals are bats, skunks and raccoons. Other wildlife and domestic animals can get rabies if they are bitten by an infected animal. If a person or pet is bitten by or exposed to another wild or domestic animal that could be rabid, do the following: • Immediately wash the wound with soap and water • See a health care provider for evaluation of any wounds • Contact your local health department to determine the risk of rabies and necessary follow-up
TDH staff members evaluate possible rabies exposures to assess rabies risk and recommend follow-up steps. A public health consultation involves considering the type of animal exposure (bite or non-bite), the risk for transmission of rabies and determining the need for animal testing or rabies treatment. Public health officials should be consulted when decisions about animal testing or rabies PEP are being made. Contact your local health department or the Tennessee Department of Health at 615-741-7247 for consultation. http://www.tn.gov/health/health-program-areas/localdepartments.html.
TDH urges people to keep pets up-to-date on rabies vaccination and to enjoy wild animals such as raccoons, skunks, foxes and bats from a distance. For more information about preventing rabies go to http://www.cdc.gov/rabies/prevention/index.html.
The Tennessee Department of Health will take part in World Rabies Day on September 28, 2018. This observance was founded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Alliance for Rabies Control to increase rabies awareness and support for prevention and control efforts. For more information about rabies prevention or World Rabies Day visit http://www.cdc.gov/worldrabiesday/index.html.
The mission of the Tennessee Department of Health is to protect, promote and improve the health and prosperity of people in Tennessee. TDH has facilities in all 95 counties and provides direct services for more than one in five Tennesseans annually as well as indirect services for everyone in the state, including emergency response to health threats, licensure of health professionals, regulation of health care facilities and inspection of food service establishments. Learn more about TDH services and programs at http://www.tn.gov/health.